In 2021, construction companies will need to hire 430,000 more workers than they employed in 2020, according to an analysis of U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) data released March 23 by Associated Builders and Contractors (ABC).
The analysis also revealed that every $1 billion in extra construction spending generates an average of at least 5,700 construction jobs.
“According to forecasts analyzed during the COVID-19 pandemic, an impressive 430,000 more construction workers still need to be hired in 2021 to meet the demand, evidence that the construction industry is powering America’s recovery and economic engine,” ABC President and CEO Michael Bellaman says. “ABC’s annual forecast incorporates several variables that may affect the U.S. construction spend and employment demand over the next few years. These variables, which range from inflationary pressure, rising commodity costs and other global supply chain concerns to the regulatory and legislative trajectory of a new administration and the vaccine rollout domestically and even globally, are considered in the ABC cone of probability.”
“ABC and its contractor members are working tirelessly to recruit, educate and upskill our nation’s future construction workforce, putting our money where our mouth is by investing $1.5 billion annually in workforce development initiatives to equip our craft professionals with durable and transferable skill sets. Now is the time to consider a career in construction, a vocation that offers competitive wages and ample opportunities to both begin and advance in an industry that builds the places where we work, play, worship, learn and heal,” Bellaman continues.
According to estimates from economic consulting firm Markstein Advisors, construction spending is likely to reach $1.45 trillion in 2021, up 1.3 percent from 2020. Under this scenario, employment demand increases by 430,000 this year from actual employment of 7,829,000 in 2020. A higher growth rate scenario could boost the number of additional construction workers needed in 2021 to nearly 1 million.
As of February, seasonally adjusted average hourly earnings in construction were 7.7 percent higher than total private average hourly earnings. For all of 2020, construction average hourly earnings were 7.8 percent higher than total private average hourly earnings.
Other key findings include analysis on construction spending and job creation in 2020. The spread of COVID-19 and efforts to limit its effect on the population had a substantial impact on construction activity and employment. Ironically, in 2020, nominal (not adjusted for inflation) construction spending rose by 4.8 percent even as employment fell by 6.3 percent. These factors contributed to this apparent paradox:
- A spike in building materials and labor costs, which is attributed to shortages and supply chain disruptions.
- A change in the mix of construction work, with an increase in residential construction, a segment that saw some of the largest price increases due to an uptick in lumber prices.
- A reduction in labor supply encouraged builders to adopt more labor-saving technology faster than usual.
- Improvement in the scheduling and logistics of building materials delivery.
- Increased use of prefabrication and modularization.
- A decrease in the number of smaller, less efficient construction companies because they went out of business.
The full 2021 forecast of construction spending, job creation and employment demand is available online.