The California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery (CalRecycle) announced March 30 that the Carpet America Recovery Effort (CARE) will pay the state of California $1,175,000 in penalties for its repeated failure from 2013 through 2016 to meet recycling and landfill diversion goals under California’s Carpet Product Stewardship Law. The settlement agreement follows a California Third District Court of Appeal ruling affirming administrative civil penalties against CARE, which is an organization that represents carpet manufacturers.
"Recycling carpet is critical for California to meet its climate and waste diversion goals," CalRecycle Director Rachel Machi Wagoner says. "With the nation’s first carpet recycling program, California can model how designing products to be recycled creates a circular, renewable economy with less pollution."
California landfills an estimated 1.2 billion pounds (627,926 tons) of carpet each year. From 2013 through 2016, California’s Carpet Product Stewardship law required the carpet industry’s stewardship organization to make continuous meaningful improvement to:
- Increase carpet recycling in California
- Increase landfill diversion of used carpet
- Increase the recyclability of carpet
- Incentivize market growth of new products made from used carpet
CalRecycle launched an initial enforcement action against CARE in March 2017, citing the group’s repeated failure to demonstrate continuous meaningful improvement in carpet recycling rates and other program goals.
- California had a 12.2 percent carpet recycling rate in 2013
- California had a 12.1 percent carpet recycling rate in 2014
- California had a 10.1 percent carpet recycling rate in 2015
- California had a 10.9 percent carpet recycling rate in 2016
Following subsequent enforcement hearings, CalRecycle adopted the findings of an administrative law judge and imposed an $821,250 penalty against CARE for noncompliance in 2013 through 2015. The penalty was later affirmed by Sacramento County Superior Court and the California Third District Court of Appeal. CalRecycle issued an additional $274,500 administrative penalty against CARE for noncompliance in 2016 following guidance from the Sacramento Superior Court, which was consistent with the decision from the Sacramento Office of Administrative Hearings.
As part of a settlement agreement, CARE will pay the administrative penalties, with a slight reduction in interest to CalRecycle by June 15. CARE also agreed to dismissals with prejudice, which equates to no further legal challenges on these matters.
More information on California’s Carpet Stewardship Program
In 2010, California became the first, and remains the only, state in the nation to require a statewide carpet recycling program designed and implemented by carpet manufacturers with governmental oversight. The primary purpose of the program is to increase the amount of postconsumer carpet that is diverted from landfills and recycled into new products.
- 81 million square yards of carpet was sold in California in 2019, equal to the areas of over 12,600 football fields.
- Carpet can be recycled into a number of products, including carpet backing and backing components, carpet fiber, carpet underlayment, plastics and engineered materials, as well as erosion control products.
- CARE has operated the nation’s only mandated carpet recycling program since 2011.
- Carpet collectors and recyclers are paid various financial incentives by CARE to collect and recycle discarded carpet. Consumers pay a 35 cents per square yard assessment to fund these incentives and other program activities.